Most Mysterious Discoveries From Egypt

  

 Most Mysterious Discoveries From Egypt

Most Mysterious Discoveries From Egypt

 From stones that helped us decipher the hieroglyphs,to strange new finds on mummies,

 Here are 8 amazing discoveries from Egypt. 

No.8

Cemetery of Thoth 

You might not believe this but even today, the rich history of Egypt makes it so thatmany treasures can still be discovered. Just last year, 2018, an entire Necropoliswas discovered! The city of Minya is in the Nile Valley, andarchaeologists were doing some work outside of the town when they found a large burialsite.

 This isn't too unusual per se because the people of Egypt have long believed in elaborate burials for their people, especially higher rankings ones. But here, this particular Necropolis, or cemeterywasn't for a large family or a group of royals. Instead, it was made for a group of priests.

 These particular priests worshipped the godThoth, who was the god of Wisdom and the Moon in the Egyptian Pantheon.

 These priests were buried along with their families, and every single one of them had their bodies wrapped in a certain way, thehigh priest being wrapped in a bronze sheet, and put inside their unique sarcophagus.

 Some of the priests even had their organsremoved and placed into individual jars. Egyptologists speculate that to document thefindings of this cemetery fully will take around five years!

No. 7. Unfinished Obelisk 

An unfinished obelisk was found in Aswan in Egypt, and it's clear that the Egyptians were working on it when they suddenly decided to stop. Should they have finished the endeavor, thiswould've been the biggest obelisk ever made by them, at about a height of 138 feet.

Gigantic monument

 But something happened and this gigantic monument never made it out of the ground. Even so, it hasn’t stopped architects and Egyptologists from studying this unfinished obelisk in order to learn more about the ancientEgyptians building process.

 The obelisks themselves were carved from asingle piece of stone, and were named in order to reference how they "pierce the sky".

 In the context of the Aswan obelisks, they were carved out of bedrock, and then moved out of the quarries, moved towards the Nile River, ferried to their final resting places, and them brought up to full height by moreworkers.

 So, lots of places where they could crackor break. When it was first discovered, many thought this unfinished obelisk was actually a monument that had fallen over at some point.

 But then, after it was fully revealed, itwas discovered that there were cracks in the large granite stone. So the workers abandoned it rather than risk damaging it more.

Most Mysterious Discoveries From Egypt


No. 6. The Sphinx

 if you were to go to Egypt today, the two things that would likely top your list of"go-to places" would be the Pyramids of Giza and The Great Sphinx.

Egyptian mythology

 The structure of the Sphinx was modeled afterits namesake in Egyptian mythology. Described as a half-lion- half human, it wasa spiritual guardian depicted as male and wearing a Pharaoh's headdress.

 The Sphinx was also truly built to last. It was crafted from a giant limestone slab,which is very hard to erode, thus making it perfect for the winds and sands of Egypt.

 To this day, there is great debate over whe exactly it was made, or even who built it, and to what purpose.

late Pharaoh Khafre,

 A general consensus has been made that theface of the Sphinx looks like the late Pharaoh Khafre, which would put the construction ofthe monolith at around 2500 BC.

 It is also agreed that it may have been built to honor him since he built the second pyramid of Giza. The Sphinx has been lost and rediscoveredseveral times, due to the fact that it has been buried by sand.

 The only reason we can see it now is because of a decades-long excavation of the site. Coming up is something we can actually thank Nepolian for!

 

No. 5. Rosetta Stone

 during one of Napoleon's campaigns where he tried to take over Egypt and failed, near the town of Rosetta, a group of soldiers was working on a fort when they decided to takedown a certain wall.

Discovery's of the Rosetta Stone

 To be more specific, it had writings on it,but it was in different languages, including one he recognized.

 This was the official discovery of the Rosetta Stone. Upon its finding in Egypt in 1799, researchimmediately took place, and it was found that the stone was actually from 196 B.C.

 All the more curious about this stone wasthat it had three languages written onto it. The first of the languages were Hieroglyphics,the symbols seen on Egyptian tombs and pyramids, and a true hallmark of the country and culture.

 Then there was Demotic, another Egyptian language that the people used. But the third language was the biggest surprise:Greek. A likely remnant of the reign of Alexander the Great. 

History Of Egypt

Most Mysterious Discoveries From Egypt

After the surrender of the French, the Britishgot the Rosetta Stone into their possession, which led to Jean-Francois Champollion andThomas Young examining and deciphering the entire stone text. 

Through the Greek version of the stone, theywere able to translate both sections of the Egyptian text, and through this, the worldnow had a way to decipher the past. 

This is important for a very simple reason,at the time, we couldn't even hope to translate the Egyptian writings and hieroglyphs thatlined their monuments. So this Rosetta Stone essentially unlockedthe entire history of Egypt for the world to read.

 Through this discovery, we have learned moreand more about the Ancient Egyptians, their cultures, and have found many new discoveriesalong the way.

No. 4. Third Kingdom In 1902,

 A series of tombs were discovered by a legendary Egyptologist named FlindersPetrie. But despite finding them, he chose not toexamine them himself, and thus left them alone for someone else to explore.

 The prevailing theory is that he didn't thinkit was worth his time. Fast forward a hundred and twelve years, andsome archaeologists decided to take up the charge and do what he didn't. And what they found in those tombs was a king. Specifically, one from a third kingdom ofEgypt dating back 3600 years.

Prevailing theory

 His name was King SenebKay, and he ruled acentral part of Egypt before the unification of the nation. This is significant for numerous reasons. The first is that it was held to be true thatonly two kingdoms of Egypt were around before the unification.

 But because of the discovery of King Senebkay,that's now proven wrong. The second fact is that it helps fill in abig hole in history, as the placement of this kingdom was literally between the other two,which means there's a lot more to piece together about the region.

 Finally, a third kingdom was theorized by many, but no one could ever prove that it was real outside of vague references. But these tombs proved the third kingdom wasreal. And thus, history is rewritten once again.

 The teams of Egyptologists are still searchingthe tombs, and the more they find, the more complete the history of the kingdom.

No. 3. The Temples of Abu Simbel

 Two temples reside near Aswan Egypt, and were constructed by none other than Ramses II between 1279-13 BC. These massive temples were lost for some timebefore being rediscovered by Johann Ludwig Burckhardt in 1812.

 The place was completely buried, so and his friend Giovanni Belzoni actually went and dug out the entrance so that they could exploreit. Aside from the massive structure itself, theTemples of Abu Simbel are punctuated by four massive statues of Ramses.

 Though only three remain mostly intact. Along the feet of the statues are carvings of Ramses wife and children. The temple itself is actually dedicated to the sun gods of Egypt, and the temple was constructed in such a way that on two specific days of the year, February and October 22nd, Not far from the main temple is actually asmaller one dedicated to Ramses wife Nefertari, and her god Hathor.

No. 2. The Oldest Tattoo

 EverDuring an excavation, two bodies were found in a shallow grave. One of a man, and one of a woman. While at first, there was nothing specialabout the two, a smudge on their bones of their arms caught the eye of many.

 Mainly because the scientists couldn't figure out what the smudges were. They didn't conform to any known burial rights of Egypt, and the fact that they were in a shallow grave proved that they were unpreparedfor a burial.

 Then, in 2018, a scan was done of the smudges,and what it revealed was that the smudges were actually ancient tattoos. On the male was a bull and a sheep, and thenon the female was S-shaped tattoos.

 First "known"tattoos in Africa

The key significance of this was that thesetattoos were documented as being 5000 years old, which is well before the first "known"tattoos in Africa, and the world. 1. The Tomb of Tutankhamun easily the most famous archaeological find in all of Egypt is that of the tomb and sarcophagusof Tutankhamun.

 The legendary pharaohs' burial site was foundby a group of archaeologists in 1922, and headed up by Egyptologist Howard Carter.

 The tomb of the pharaoh was already a priceless treasure, but when they moved to the sarcophagus, they found that the legendary ruler was actuallyheld within three of them! 

No.1 one had treasures laid inside,

As well as a mask to cover his face. Carter himself was amazed by the sights hebeheld when he entered and can be quoted as saying:"As one's eyes became accustomed to the glimmer of light, the interior of the chamber gradually loomed before one, with its strange and wonderful medley of extraordinary and beautiful objectsheaped upon one another.

" Tutankhamun himself was a beloved leader ofE  mainly because he was one who tried to restore Egypt to its former glory in termsof how its society was run. However, due to health issues, he actuallydied rather young. And he was so young when he ruled that hewas referred to by some as "The Boy King".

 The only downside to his discovery was thatthere were rumors of a "curse" that sprung when the tomb was opened, as some of the archeology team did die soon after they examined everything. But this was later debunked as a story bythe team to ward off grave robbers.

 

Post a comment

0 Comments